Types of Roofing Materials and their Uses

There are various types of roofing materials available on the market today. When it comes to choosing a roofing material, it is important first to know the use of each type of roofing material before you can make a choice especially if you are currently building, are looking to build or you are simply just re-roofing your home. Moreover, when it comes to roofing material, it is more about the longevity and aesthetics than about the cost.

Below are some roofing materials and their uses.

• Solar Tiles

Solar tiles are ideal for home roofing as they easily integrate with the existing shingles and generate up to 1 kilowatt of energy per 100 square feet. They are suitable for sunny roofs in suburbs where the use of typical solar panels is forbidden. While they help lower the cost of energy bills, they cost a lot more than the traditional solar options.

• Stone Coated Steel

Stone coated steel roofs are suitable for windy, wet regions or areas that are susceptible to wildfires as they resist damage that is caused by hail and freeze cycles, heavy rains and strong winds. They are also economical, and some stone-coated steel roofs have a warranty that matches that of your home’s lifetime.

• Slate Roofs

Slate roofs are one of the most durable roofs dwarfing all other types of roofs. Slate is made from real stone which enhances its durability making it last for more than 100 years. It is resistant to mold and fungus, is waterproof and doesn’t burn. Although slate roofs are heavy, expensive and can easily be broken if one steps on them, they are ideal for wet climate regions and areas that are subject to hail.

• Clay and Concrete Roof Tiles

If you live in an area that experiences hurricanes, tornadoes, and winds of up to 125 miles per hour or an earthquake even, then you should consider getting clay and concrete roof tiles for your home. Clay and concrete roofing tiles are suitable for warm and dry climates. However, they tend to need more support to carry the weight as they tend to break when walked on.

• Green Roofs

With a 40-year estimated lifespan, green roofs have a plant covering and helps in improving the quality of air, insulate homes to bring down the urban heat islands as well as reduce water runoff. When considering using green roof, ensure that you are able to provide the extra structural support needed that includes a vapor barrier, waterproofing, thermal insulation, plants, water filtration, compost, and soil.

• Asphalt Shingle

Asphalt shingles are one of the most commonly used roofing material. This is because they are efficient and effective in all the environmental conditions. Although they are suitable in all environmental conditions, the quality of an asphalt shingle varies widely, and this can be known through a wind test or durability test. Even though the upfront cost is low, you will spend a bit more after every 20 years or so as you will need to replace them. Getting an impact resistant shingle may enable you to qualify for a discounted premium on your homeowner.

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